Consultation on Traffic Clean Air Zone options

Closed 12 Aug 2019

Opened 1 Jul 2019

Feedback Updated 20 Nov 2019

We Asked

The consultation on the Traffic Clean Air Zone options was open for six weeks from Monday 1st July to Monday 12th August. Individual responses were received via the online survey, with people being asked how concerned they are about the health impacts of poor air quality in Bristol. It also sought feedback from citizens, businesses and other stakeholders on the two potential options.

Paper copies of the survey and alternative accessible formats, including language translations, were available on request. Paper copies of the survey were also available in all libraries and the Citizen Service Point. Additional survey responses were garnered through seven drop-in sessions and via face-to-face interviews with the Youth Council and in 11 areas of the city which have historically low response rates, high deprivation and/or high proportions of black, Asian & minority ethnic (BAME) citizens.

More information about what we consulted on is available in the consultation report.

You Said

We received 5,034 responses to the consultation, the results of which are available here.

5,001 (99%) of the 5,034 respondents answered the question ‘how concerned are you about the impacts of poor air quality in Bristol on your health and the health of your family?’

There is a high level of concern about the health impacts of poor air quality among respondents, and health concerns are higher still among Bristol respondents.

85% of all respondents and 88% of Bristol respondents are very concerned or moderately concerned, with 61% (66% for Bristol respondents) stating they are very concerned and 24% (22% of Bristol respondents) being moderately concerned.

10% of all respondents and 9% of Bristol respondents are slightly concerned.

Only 5% of all respondents and 3% of Bristol respondents are not concerned.

Of the 5,034 people who responded to the Traffic Clean Air Zones consultation, 4,966 (99%) stated how strongly they agree or disagree that Option 1 (Clean Air Zone - private cars not charged) is a good way to improve air quality in Bristol.

More than two thirds of all respondents (69%) agree or strongly agree that Option 1 is a good way to improve air quality (39% strongly agree and 32% agree). This is more than three times the 21% of all respondents who disagree or strongly disagree. 11% neither agree nor disagree.

For Option 1, Bristol respondents share similar views to all respondents, with slightly higher proportions agreeing or strongly agreeing compared to all respondents.

4,971 respondents (99%) stated how strongly they agree or disagree that Option 2 (Diesel car ban) is a good way to improve air quality in Bristol.

More than half of all respondents (55%) agree or strongly agree that Option 2 is a good way to improve air quality (32% strongly agree and 23% agree). This is more than one and a half times the 34% of all respondents who disagree or strongly disagree. 11% neither agree nor disagree (the same proportion as for Option 1).

Bristol respondents view the Option 2 diesel car ban more favourably than all respondents. 59% of Bristol respondents agree or strongly agree, almost twice the 30% who disagree or strongly disagree. 11% neither agree nor disagree that Option 2 is a good way to improve air quality.

We Did

Along with rigorous technical analysis of a number of options, the consultation feedback was used to develop the Outline Business Case (OBC) of the clean air plans which were put before Cabinet on Tuesday 5th November. Following approval by Cabinet, the plans were submitted to the Joint Air Quality Unit (JAQU) for their consideration.

The council is continuing to work closely with JAQU on preparing the Full Business Case for submission next year. As part of the Full Business Case, there will be direct engagement with all businesses and residents affected to help manage implementation, including details of mitigations measures and exemptions. The deadline for the implementation of the plans is March 2021.

For further information on the clean air plans, visit www.cleanairforbristol.org

Overview

Pollution can make the air we breathe bad for our health. Air pollution has been a problem in Bristol and many UK cities for a long time. 

The most concerning pollutants within Bristol are nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and very small particulates. These pollutants are invisible. 

UK and EU limits on levels of NO2 are currently breached in Bristol. Local authorities are legally required to reduce levels of NO2 as soon as possible to comply with these health-based standards and this consultation is concerned with reducing the levels of NO2 in the shortest possible time.

What we are proposing

We are proposing two alternative options, which our work so far shows would bring NO2 levels to below legal limits in the shortest possible time. (This is known as achieving “compliance”.) The council is under a legal duty to achieve this.

Click to enlarge

Option 1 Clean Air Zone (private cars not charged)

A zone in which non-compliant (older, more polluting) buses, coaches, taxis, heavy goods vehicles (HGVs, i.e. goods vehicles over 3,500 kg) and light goods vehicles (LGVs, i.e. goods vehicles not exceeding 3,500 kg) would be charged a fixed sum for each day they are driven in the zone. The charge would only apply once daily. We propose that the charge would be £9 per day for non-compliant taxis and LGVs and £100 per day for non-compliant HGVs, buses and coaches.

Option 1 would also include a scrappage scheme (up to £2,000) for diesel cars and a number of additional targeted measures to reduce pollution on the worst affected streets. These additional targeted measures include a part-time ban on all diesel cars on Upper Maudlin Street and Park Row (in front of the children’s hospital); some new HGV weight restrictions; bus lanes on the M32 and Cumberland Road; and using existing traffic signals to control the amount of traffic entering congested areas with poor air quality.

Option 2: Diesel car ban

Banning all diesel cars from driving in a specific central area from 7am to 3pm, seven days a week (this would not apply to taxis/private hire or emergency services). Other measures, including a scrappage scheme, could also be included.

We are consulting with you now on these two options in order to meet the Government’s timetable for submitting our Outline Business Case in September 2019.

Updated information on compliance dates

The technical work required to estimate the dates more precisely has now been undertaken. This work (updated 2 August 2019) indicates that the compliance date for Option 1 will be 2029 and for Option 2 will be 2028. The technical work shows the majority of roads in Bristol are predicted to meet compliant levels of NO2 before the compliance dates (Option 1 in 2029 and Option 2 in 2028). Because of how close together these dates are, more technical modelling on each option (known as sensitivity tests) is needed to reach a definite view on which option would reach compliance in the shortest possible time.

The technical work to estimate compliance dates includes a park and ride on the M32 in Option 1 (location to be identified).

You can read more about compliance dates in the technical note updated on 2 August by the council’s engineering consultant, Jacobs.

Clean Air FAQs

We have answered commonly asked questions about Clean Air in the Clean Air FAQs.

Why We Are Consulting

The Traffic Clean Air Zone consultation is your chance to tell us what you think about the options we propose for improving air quality in Bristol.

Your views are important and will be considered by the Mayor and Cabinet when they decide in September 2019 what approach to include when the council submits a Full Business Case to Government in the coming months, setting out how it will achieve compliance in the shortest possible time.

Please complete the online survey and return to us by Monday 12 August using the link below.

If you cannot complete the survey online, you can request alternative formats by emailing transport.projects@bristol.gov.uk or by calling 0117 352 1397.

We have also produced an easy read version of the survey.

What Happens Next

The consultation on our Traffic Clean Air Zone options is open until Monday 12 August 2019 and you need to complete the survey and submit it before that date to ensure your views are taken into account.
 
You can request alternative formats of this document by emailing transport.projects@bristol.gov.uk or by calling 0117 35 21397.
 
All responses to the consultation will be analysed and included in a report that will be published on the Bristol City Council website.

Your responses will help inform final proposals which will be considered by The Mayor and his Cabinet in September 2019.

A Full Business Case which describes our approach following consultation to achieve compliance in the shortest possible time will be submitted to Government in the coming months.

Areas

  • All Areas

Audiences

  • All residents
  • Expert Stakeholders
  • Equalities group(s)
  • Business

Interests

  • Traffic and transportation